Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Lots of kids – about 1 in every 100 – have a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, or FASD.
FASD happens to some people whose moms drank alcohol when they were pregnant.
Alcohol can harm the brains and bodies of fetuses (the name for babies that aren’t born yet). The effects of FASD are different for each person.
Some kids and teens with FASD may have trouble:
Learning. People with FASD might find it hard to understand instructions, remember things, pay attention, or keep up with schoolwork.
Following rules. Kids and teens with FASD are sometimes mistakenly called “bad” or “troublemakers” because they have trouble following rules. They may also have trouble knowing what’s safe and what isn’t (for example, they might lend money to a stranger).
Getting along with others. People with FASD sometimes do things that other people don’t like, like talking very loudly, acting too friendly, or invading other peoples’ personal space.
Staying calm. People with FASD can be really sensitive to things like noise, lights, and talking. When they feel overwhelmed, they may have outbursts or temper tantrums.
Taking care of themselves. Everyday tasks like schoolwork, showering, eating properly, and waking up on time can be hard for someone with FASD. People with FASD often need help from others to do their best.
Having FASD can be hard, especially because most people
don’t really understand what FASD is like.